Presentation of the sector
As part of its strategy towards energy use, Morocco has undertaken a vast wind energy program, to support the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency in the country. The Moroccan Integrated Wind Energy Project, spanning over a period of 10 years with a total investment estimated at 31.5 billion dirhams, will enable the country to bring the installed capacity, from wind energy, from 280 MW in 2010 to 2000 MW in 2020.
The development of 1720 MW of new wind energy farms are planned as follow:
720 MW under development in Tarfaya (300 MW), Akhfenir (200 MW), Bab El Oued-Laayoune (50 MW), Haouma (50 MW) and Jbel Khalladi (120 MW)
1000 MW planned in 5 new sites chosen for their great potential: Tanger2 (150 MW), El BaidaKoudia in Tetouan (300 MW), Taza (150 MW), Tiskrad Laayoune (300 MW) and Boujdour (100 MW).
Objectives of the wind energy program are:
Increase the share of wind power in the national energy balance to 14% by 2020
Achieve a production capacity from wind power of 2 GW and annual production capacity of 6600 GWh, corresponding to 26% of current electricity generation
Save annually 1.5 million tons of fuel, matching the sum of 750 million U.S. dollars, and prevent the emission of 5.6 million tonnes of CO2 per year.
Huge potential in wind power estimated at 25,000 MW (see wind map)
A strategic location in the heart of an energy hub (connected to the Spanish electrical grid)
The Renewable Energy Law (No. 13-09) aims to promote energy production from renewable resources, to market and to export by public entities or private. It also introduces the subjugation of facilities producing energy from renewable sources to a system of prior authorization if their power is equal to or greater than 2 MW, or prior notification for operating activities which necessitate power between 20 KW and 2 MW. Finally, it provides the right for an operator to produce electricity from renewable energy sources on behalf of a consumer or a group of consumers connected to the national grid of medium voltage (MV), high voltage (HV) and extra high voltage (EHV), under an agreement whereby they undertake to remove and consume the electricity produced exclusively for their own use.
To support the national plan for renewable energy development, an energy investment company for developing renewable energy (SIE) was created specifically for this purpose with a 1 billion dirhams capital.
This strategy benefits from the resources mobilized under the frame of the Energy Development Fund with an amount equivalent to $ 1 billion donation from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (U.S. $ 500 million), UAE (U.S. $300 million) and the contribution of the Hassan II Fund for Economic and Social Development (200 million U.S.).
Creation of specialized courses in wind energy in large engineering schools anduniversities
Training of technicians in wind energy by Vocational Training Institutes
Conclusion of Industry partnerships-Large Schools - Universities, Institutes specializing in R & D applies.
Energy Investment Company (SIE)
The National Agency for the Development of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency, which aims to contribute to the implementation of government policy on renewable energy and energy efficiency.
National Electricity Office (ONE)